Believers and Supporters of Christian Universalism

Christian Universalism: The belief that everything in heaven and on earth will ulitmately be reconciled back to the Creator through the work of Jesus Christ, his Son. In plain language, no one is going to be endlessly tortured or annihilated as has been commonly taught. The teaching of universalism has been in the church since its inception. The ancient church fathers called it by its name found in the Greek New Testament, apokatastasis, that is, the "restoration of all things." (Acts 3:21) It has also be known simply by the name universalism, sometimes it's called "Biblical Universalism or Christian Universalism. It's been known by Ultimate Reconciliation, Universal Salvation, Universal Restoration, the Larger Faith, Blessed Hope, Happy Gospel, Irresistable Gospel, the Glorious Gospel of God's Grace, the glorious Gospel of the Kingdom, The Larger Hope, The Greater Faith, the Doctrine of Inclusion. I, Gary Amirault, like to call it the "Victorious Gospel of Jesus Christ. Paul, the apostle called it the "Glorious Gospel." When Christians once again embrace this teaching in great numbers, the body of Christ in the earth will once again shine like a city of a hill and draw those to it that could never embrace a God who said he was love and all-powerful and yet managed to lose most of mankind which is what the present-day church teaches.

Famous (and not so famous) people throughout the centuries have declared publicly or strongly hinted that they believe all mankind will ultimately be saved. Keep in mind, during most of Church history, openly declaring this belief often cost one their lives and their writings often destroyed. The list includes early Church Fathers and leaders, theologians, scholars, historians, royalty, writers, poets, statesmen, humanitarians, pastors, scientists, and other streams of life. While some may not be well known to Americans living in the twentieth century, many of the are well known in the countries and times in which they lived. These men and women left written evidence behind declaring their views. Behind them stand millions who, while not having left behind a written record of their beliefs on earth, nevertheless, will one day brightly manifest to all creation corporately as a Great Cloud of Witnesses.

This list was compiled from several sources among which are: "A Cloud of Witnesses" by J.W. Hanson, first published in 1885 and reprinted by Concordant Publishing Concern; "Mercy and Judgment" by Canon F.W. Farrar, published in 1881; "Christ Triumphant" by Thomas Allin, first published in 1890, reprinted by Concordant Publishing Concern; and "Universal Reconciliation and the Evangelical Covenant Church." Dean Hough, Editor of Unsearchable Riches also contributed greatly to the list. Over the years, I, Gary Amirault, have continued to add names as they come along.

Check back with us from time to time. If you know of names that should be on this list, email them to us at info@tentmaker.org

Christian Universalists

  • All the Hebrew Prophets who prophesied of the coming of the Messiah
  • Jesus Christ (John 12:32)
  • Paul, the Apostle (never used the word "Hell" once) (1 Tim. 4:9-11)
  • John the Apostle (John 4:42)
  • The Didascalia (the Catechetical school of Alexandria)
  • Pantaenus, first head of catechetical school at Alexandria
  • Clement of Alexandria, second head of catechetical school at Alexandria
  • Origen, greatest scholar of the early church
  • Athenasius, Archbishop of Alexandria
  • Didymus
  • Ambrose, Bishop
  • Ephraim
  • Chrysostum
  • Gregory of Nyssa, Bishop
  • Gregory of Nazianzus, Bishop and President of the second Church council
  • Titus, Bishop of Bostra
  • Asterius, Bishop of Amasea
  • Cyril
  • Methodius, Bishop of Tyre
  • Eusibius, early church historian
  • Hillary, Bishop of Poictiers
  • Victorinus
  • Macrina, the younger
  • Erigena
  • Dionysius
  • Barsudaili, Abbott of Edessa
  • Diodore, Bishop of Tarsus and Jerusalem
  • Theodore of Mopsuestia
  • John Cassian
  • Maximus of Turin
  • Proclus, Bishop of Constantinoplus
  • Theodoret the Blessed, Bishop of Cyrrhus
  • Peter Chrysologus, Bishop of Ravenna
  • Theophylact, Archbishop of Achrida
  • Anselm
  • Hermes Trisgistus
  • Joachim of Flora
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Francis Quarles
  • Sir Harry Vane
  • La Fontaine
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • Daniel Defoe
  • Joseph Addison
  • Isaac Watts
  • Dr. Edward Young
  • Chevalier Ramsay
  • William King, Archbishop of Dublin
  • William Duncombe
  • Bishop Joseph Butler
  • John Donne
  • James Thompson
  • Dr. Philip Doddridge
  • Peter Bohler
  • Dr. David Hartley
  • Thomas Say
  • Samuel Johnson
  • Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian Rennaisance philosopher
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Frederick the Great
  • Ferdinand Oliver Petitpiere
  • Henry Brooke
  • Dr. Andrew Kippis, writer
  • Mark Akenside
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Thomas Gainesborough
  • William Cowper
  • James Neckar
  • Dr. Joseph Priestley
  • Jung Stilling
  • John Frederick Oberlin
  • Alison Rutherford Cockburn
  • Johann Kasper Lavater
  • Anna Letitia Barbauld
  • Dr. John Prior Estlin
  • Samuel Parr
  • T. W. Goethe
  • Thomas Belsham
  • Rev. Robert Aspland
  • George Crabbe
  • Ralph Cudworth
  • Henry Moore
  • Erbury
  • Samuel Richardson
  • Bishop Rust
  • Pierre Cuppe, author
  • Hey, Cambridge professor
  • Letsone, philanthropist
  • George Walker
  • Jeremy White
  • Bishop Stillingfleet
  • Dr. Burnet, Master of the Charter House
  • William Whiston
  • Bishop Newton
  • William Law
  • J. Windet
  • R. Clark
  • Cooke
  • J. Relly
  • Sir George Stonehouse
  • W. Dudgeon
  • Capel Berrow
  • C. Charnay
  • Elhanan Winchester
  • John Murry
  • Ershine of Linlathen
  • Anne Bronte
  • Whittier
  • Robert and Elizabeth Browning
  • Robert Burns
  • Johann Schiller
  • Joanna Baillie
  • Samuel Rogers
  • Sir James Mackintosh
  • Alexander Von Humboldt
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • John Foster
  • Whitman
  • Edna Lyall
  • George MacDonald
  • Mrs. Oliphant
  • James Hinton
  • C. Bronte
  • Emily Bronte
  • Gen. Gordon
  • Miss Mulock
  • Alexander Pope
  • William Wordsworth
  • James Montgomery
  • Thomas Dick
  • James Hogg
  • Robert Southey
  • Fredericka Bremer
  • Ellice Hopkins
  • Hesba Stretton
  • Florence Nightingale
  • F. Schlegel
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Bishop Ewing of Argyll
  • Canon Kingsley
  • John F.D. Maurice
  • Dr. Samuel Cox
  • Baldwin Brown
  • Bishop Westcott
  • F. W. Robertson
  • Sir G. W. Cox
  • Andrew Jukes
  • Rev. Lucius R. Paige
  • Thomas Whittimore
  • J. H. Hanson
  • Archer Gurney
  • Phillips Brooks
  • Professor Mayor
  • Canon F. W. Farrar
  • Principal Caird, the Bishop of Meath
  • Dean Church
  • Johann A. W. Neander
  • Martensen
  • Friedrich A.G. Tholuck, German Professor
  • E.A. Thomas Rawson Birks, secretary to Evangelical Alliance
  • Erik Jakob Ekman, author
  • Karl Johan Nyvall, author
  • Peter Paul Waldenstrom
  • Reuss
  • Spener
  • Kristofer Jakob Bostrom, prof. of Philosophy, University of Uppsala
  • Johna Wilhelm Personne, Swedish Lutheran Bishop, author
  • Nils Ignell, pastor, author
  • Rev. Dr. Littledale
  • Rev. H. B. Wilson
  • Bishop Forbes of Brechin
  • Bishop Moorhouse of Melbourne
  • Dean Stanley
  • Rev. Prof. Challis
  • Archdeacon Reichel D. D.
  • Rev. Prof. J. B. Mayor
  • A.J. Beresford-Hope
  • Rev. T. Griffith, Prebendary of St. Paul's
  • Archbishop Tillotson
  • Richard Coppin
  • Gerard Winstanley
  • R. Stafford
  • Bishop Stillingfleet
  • Rev. Dr. Thomas Burnet
  • Dr. Doddridge
  • Archdeacon Paley
  • Robert Robinson
  • Rev. Dr. Hey, Prof. of Divinity
  • Dr. Cheyne
  • Rev. Presbendary Constable, M.A.
  • Rev. R. W. Dale
  • Rev. Edward White
  • Rev. Henry Allon D. D.
  • M. Guillaume Monad
  • Nathaniel Scarlett
  • Paul Chatfield
  • Helen Maria Williams
  • F. W. Faber
  • Charles Lamb
  • Mrs. Mary M. Sherwood
  • F. W. T. Schelling
  • Sarah Flower Adams
  • Walter Savage Landor
  • Henry Crabb Robinson
  • Thomas Campbell
  • Horace Smith
  • William Ellery Channing
  • Rev. L. Carpenter L.L.D.
  • F. De La Mennais
  • Washington Irving
  • Bernard Barton
  • Leigh Hunt
  • Thomas De Quincey
  • John Pierpont
  • John Wilson
  • Prof. Espy
  • Dr. T. Southwood Smith
  • Lord Byron
  • Lady Byron
  • H. H. Milman
  • Percy B. Shelley
  • Felicia Dorothea Hemans
  • William Cullen Bryant
  • William Whewell
  • J. G. Percival
  • Horace Mann
  • Hartley Coleridge
  • T. C. Lockhart
  • Gerritt Smith
  • Theophilus Parsons
  • Thomas Hood
  • McDonald Clarke
  • Dr. F Hase, professor of theology
  • Chauncey Townsend
  • Frederika Bremer
  • Johann Peter Lange
  • Dr. C. F. Kling
  • Lydia Maria Child
  • William Leggell
  • Thomas Guthrie
  • Bishop Ewing
  • George Sand
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Mary Bowitt
  • T. P. Nichol L.L.D.
  • James Marlineau
  • Hans Christian Andersen
  • John Stuart Mill
  • Rev. J. C. Street
  • Rev. T. Latham
  • Emile Giradin
  • Elizabeth Oakes Smith
  • N. T. Willis
  • John Sterling
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • John Greenleaf Whittier
  • Rev. L. C. Marvin
  • Abel C. Thomas
  • Christian Edward Baumstark
  • Caroline E. S. Norton
  • John R. Thompson
  • Ross Winans
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
  • Alfred Tennyson
  • Richard Milnes
  • Prof. J. S. Blackie
  • John R. Beard D.D.
  • Edward Clodd
  • Mary Carpenter
  • Theodore Parker
  • Margaret Fuller Ossoli
  • J. S. Taylor
  • George Moore
  • Martin Tupper
  • Charles Sumner
  • Horace Greeley
  • W. M. Thackery
  • J. H. Scholten
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Norman MacLeod D.D.
  • Charles Mackay
  • Charles Dickens
  • Lewis Carroll
  • Henry Ward Beecher
  • J. Ross Browne
  • Olympia Brown
  • Mary Livermore
  • Thomas Starr King
  • George Pullman
  • Sylvester Judd
  • Rev. C. A. Bartol
  • Rev. Fergus Ferguson
  • Caroline M. Sawyer
  • Daniel Schenkel
  • Franz Delitsch
  • Johann Tauler
  • Jean De Ruysbroek
  • Johann Arndt
  • Sonner
  • Denk
  • Hetzer
  • Johann Wilhelm Petersen
  • Matthew Reuz
  • Johan Conrad (Christian) Dippel
  • John Henry Haug, Prof. at Strasburg
  • Dr. Ernest Christoph Hockman
  • Count De Marcy
  • Francesco Giorgi
  • Postel
  • Curione
  • David Joris
  • Campanella
  • George Klein-Nikolai, author
  • Anna Letitia Barbauld, English poet and writer
  • Sarah Flowers Adams, hymnist
  • Elisabeth Arundel Charles, hymnist, writer
  • Elisabeth C. Clephane, hymnist
  • Eliza Scudder
  • Alison Rutherford Cockburn, writer
  • Joanna Beitte, author
  • Mary M. Sherwood, writer
  • Lydia Child, writer
  • Caroline Norton, writer
  • Mary Carpenter, English philanthropist
  • Margaret Fuller Ossoli, writer
  • Caroline Sawyer, writer
  • Sarah G. Edgarton Mayo, writer
  • Francis Power Cobbe, author
  • Lucy Larcom, writer
  • Dinah Muloch Craik
  • Mrs. Bloomfield, writer
  • Mrs. E.H.J. Cleveland
  • Helen L. Bostwick
  • Julia H. Scott, writer
  • Fredrika Bremer, Swedish novelist
  • Woelner
  • Seebach
  • Steinbart
  • Rev. Alexander Schweizer
  • Rev. John Page Hoppe
  • Rev. G. Vance Smith D.D. Ph. D.
  • Bishop Colenso
  • Jules Francois Suisse Simon, French Statesman
  • George Dawson
  • Charles Reade
  • John Cooper Vail
  • Philip James Bailey
  • James Gaylord Clark
  • John Sare
  • J. A. Fronde
  • Acton Warburton
  • James Russel Lowell
  • Dr. R. A. Lipsins, Prof. of Theology
  • John Ruskin
  • Arther Hugh Clough
  • Walt Whitman
  • Louis Figuier, French Scientist
  • Charles Kingsley
  • J. C. Holland
  • Sarah G. Edgarton Mayo
  • Prof. E. H. Plumptre
  • William Howard Russell
  • W. R. Greg
  • Stopford A. Brooke, chaplain to the Queen
  • G. Campbell
  • Leopold Scheffer
  • Matthew Arnold
  • Frances Power Cobbe
  • J. H. Duganne
  • T. W. Higginson
  • Thomas L. Harris
  • George Rust
  • Rev. John Wallace
  • Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney
  • S. Baring Gould
  • Lucy Larcom
  • Thomas Griffith
  • Adelaide A. Procter
  • Bayard Taylor
  • Dinah Mulock Graik
  • Elizabeth Arundel Charles
  • Henry James
  • S. A. Tipple
  • Quillen H. Shinn, evangelist
  • John Brown, M. D.
  • Mrs. Bloomfield
  • Eliza Scudder
  • Charles G. Ames
  • Joseph John Murphy
  • James Hinton
  • Mrs. E. H. J. Cleaveland
  • Gerald Massey
  • Theodore Winthrop
  • Alexander Smith
  • Albert Laighton
  • Jean Jugelow
  • Edwin Arnold
  • Robert Bulwer Lytton
  • William Morris
  • Rev. John Orr, Prof. Biblical Criticism
  • J. B. Munroe
  • N. C. Wilkins
  • Bret Harte
  • Rev. William Archer Butler
  • Elizabeth C. Clephane
  • Rev. Albert Reville D. D.
  • Dr. S. Fillmore Bennett
  • Robert Ingersoll
  • William Wallace
  • John Hay
  • Helen Bostwick
  • Robert Buchaman
  • Hattie Griswold
  • Sharon Turner
  • Seba Smith
  • Julia H. Kinney Scott
  • Joaquin Miller
  • Principle Caird
  • The Cary Sisters
  • M. B. Smedley
  • Paul Janet
  • Rev. John Monsell L.L.D.
  • Thomas Aird
  • Ronald Cower
  • J. Fenimore Cooper
  • Victor Hugo
  • Appleton Oaksith
  • Sir James Stephen
  • Thomas Carlyle
  • Allan Cunningham
  • John Young L.L.D
  • Thomas Erskine of Lintathen
  • Schleiermacher
  • Bengel
  • Eberhard
  • Lavater
  • J Macleod Campbell, Dean of Wells
  • Canon Wilberforce
  • Pastor Oberlin
  • Bishop Ken
  • Thomas Allin
  • Hannah Whitall Smith, Evangelist and Bible teacher
  • Clara Barton
  • Christopher Sauer (Sower, Saur), Bible Publisher
  • Charles Chauncy
  • Dr. Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • William Sargent,
  • Thomas Potter, illiterate farmer who built a chapel in 1760 in Good Luck, New Jersey to spread Universalism.
  • Hosea Ballou
  • Christopher Marshall
  • George de Benneville
  • Marie Huber
  • Jane Leade
  • Philipp Jakob Spener
  • Johanna Eleonora von und zu Merlau
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Benjamin Franklin, encouraged the first Universalist Church in Philadelphia
  • George Washington, defended a Universalist chaplain in his army when attacked by "Orthodox" ministers
  • Joseph S. Johnston, writer
  • Rev. Charles A. Pridgeon, President Pittsburgh Bible Institute
  • Rev. E. L. Clementson, theologian
  • John A. T. Robinson, theologian
  • Jacques Ellul, theologian
  • William Barclay, theologian and translator
  • Robert Short, author
  • A.E. Knoch, Bible student and translator
  • Dean Hough, pastor, writer, editor
  • J. Preston Eby, writer
  • Ray Prinzing, writer
  • A.E. Saxby, author
  • Warren Young Kimball, author
  • Adlai Loudy, author
  • John H. Paton, author
  • Guy Marks, author
  • Vladimir Gelesnoff, author
  • Dr. Ernest L. Martin, author
  • Morton Kelsey, author
  • Ruth Carter Stapleton, Billy Carter's sister
  • Walter Kunneth
  • Paul Althaus, theologian
  • Nels Ferre, theologian
  • Herbert Farmer, theologian
  • Nicolai Berdyaev, theologian
  • Hendrikus Berkof, theologian
  • H. Dodd, theologian
  • H. H. Farmer, theologian
  • Vernard Eller, professor
  • P. T. Forsythe, theologian
  • Karl Heim, theologian
  • John Hick, theologian
  • F. D. Moule, professor
  • T. Niles, church leader
  • Mathias Rissi, theologian
  • Ethelbert Stauffer, theologian
  • Thomas Talbott, Professor
  • David L. Watson, professor
  • Karl Barth, theologian
  • Madelein L Engle, author
  • Tom Harpur, journalist
  • Richard John Neuhaus
  • Carlton Pearson, bishop, pastor, author, singer
  • Robert Rutherford, pastor
  • Dick King, pastor
  • Rhett Ellis, author
  • Kalen Fristadt, author
  • Mark T. Chamberlain, author
  • Ernest L. Martin, author
  • Brian McLaren, author
  • Philip Gulley, author
  • James Mulholland, author
  • Robin Perry (aka Gregory MacDonald), author, editor
  • Boyd C. Purcell, author, counselor
  • Doug Frank, author, professor
  • Stephen Rogers, author, pastor
  • Adlai Loudy, author
  • Joseph Kirk, author
  • C.R. Bierbower, author
  • Jerry Wayne Bernard, Ph.D, Author
  • Mikkel Dahl, author
  • A.E. Knoch, author, bible publisher, founder of Concordant Publishing Concern
  • Martin Zender (Jeff Priddy), author
  • Harold Lovelace, author, speaker
  • Stephen Jones, author, speaker
  • Keith DeRose, Yale Professor
  • Stacy Woods, Evangelist
  • J. Preston Eby, writer
  • Elwin Roach, writer
  • Dora van Assen, author, speaker
  • Fred Hunter, singer, church leader
  • Benny Skinner, pastor
  • Charles and Paula Slagle, author and worship leaders
  • Jim and Susan Coran, writers, publishers
  • Gary Sigler, writer, speaker
  • Robert Torango, writer, pastor, evangelist
  • Elaine Cook
  • Lynn Hiles
  • Kellley Varner
  • Willie Hinn
  • Gary and Michelle Amirault, author, internet host, speakers
  • Mercy Aiken, missionary
  • Jonathan Mitchell, Bible translator
  • Charles M. Schultz, cartoonist (famous for Peanuts and Charlie Brown)
  • Bishop Desmond Tutu
  • Norman Grubbs, author
  • Peter Hiett, pastor, author
  • Ivan A. Rogers, pastor, author, seminary President
  • Julie Ferwerda, author
  • Jurgen Moltmann, theologian, professor, author
  • Jan Bonda, author
  • Gerald Beauchemin, author, missionary
  • Bob Evely, author
  • Heleen M. Keiser, scholar
  • Ilaria Ramelli, scholar
  • David Konstan, scholar
  • David Burnfield, author
  • Dennis, Sheila and Matthew Linn, catholic authors
  • Richard Rohr, catholic priest, author
  • Sharon L. Baker, author, associate professor
  • Doug Frank, pastor, author
  • Brad Jersak, author
  • Steve Dohse, pastor
  • Michael Phillips, author
  • Walter Williams, author, pastor
  • Rob Bell, author, pastor, speaker
  • Brian McLaren, author, speaker
  • John Noe, author, Phd.
  • Jacob Israel, author
  • John van Tuyl, author
  • James T. Harman, author
  • Michael Wood, author
  • Jackson Baer, author
  • T.L. Osborn, minister
  • Daisy Osborn, minister
  • David Burnfield, author
  • Wendy Burnfield, author

See also: Believers in Universal Salvation (Universalism, Ultimate Reconciliation, Universal Restoration, Doctrine of Inclusion, The Larger Hope, The Greater Faith, apokatastasis, etc.)



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